Who Are You? Extravert or Introvert?

What does it mean if you Extravert or Introvert?

By Leahcim Semaj

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The Psychological Type Model is based on the understanding that we have 16 distinctively different personality types. However, within these types we can find a broad range of variations across the continuum. The evidence indicates that we are born with a given Personality Type that generally does not change, but our behaviours do.

As we grow and develop through the variety of life experiences, we learn what behaviours are more appropriate to a given situation and most often, we try to be in harmony with our environment. All of us have all the same components; but each has an inborn preference that is similar to your dominant hand preference. The fact that you are right handed does not mean that you cannot write with the left. It merely means that you feel more competent and comfortable using the dominant hand. This is the same for your personality.

The foundations of many of the problems that will befall a couple are to be found in intrinsic differences in the core of their personalities. Psychologist Carl Jung used the term “Attitude” more than 80 years ago to refer to the ways in which individuals direct their psychic energy.  Research has continued to support this construct. The two attitudes are Extraversion and Introversion.

Extraverts’ energy is directed primarily outward, towards people and things outside of themselves. Extraverts tend to be more naturally active, expressive, social, and interested in many things


  • The real world is around you
  •  Energy comes from outside

The Extravert:

  • Is Sociable, comfortable and confident in unfamiliar surroundings
  • Likes organizations, groups, community gatherings, parties
  • Dislikes being alone


  • Have high energy
  • Talk a lot
  • Think out loud
  • Like to be around people a lot
  •  Are easily distracted

Introverts’ energy is primarily directed inward, towards their own thoughts, perceptions, and reactions. Introverts tend to be more reserved, private, cautious, and interested in fewer interactions, but with greater depth and focus.


  • The real world is within you
  • Energy comes from within

The Introvert:

  • Tends to be unsociable, prefers reflection to activity
  • Feels lost in large gatherings, prefers own thoughts to conversation
  • At is at his/her best when alone or in small familiar groups


  • Have quiet energy
  • Talk less
  • Think before they act
  • Are comfortable spending time alone
  • Have good concentration


  • Communicate energy and enthusiasm
  • Respond quickly without long pauses to think
  • Focus to talk is on people and things in the external environment
  • Need to moderate expression
  • Seek opportunities to communicate in groups
  • Prefer face-to-face over written communication
  • In meetings, like talking out aloud before coming to conclusions


  • Keep energy and enthusiasm inside
  • Like to think before responding
  • Focus is on internal ideas and thoughts need to be drawn out
  • Seek opportunities to communicate one-on-one
  • Prefer written over face-to-face communication
  • In meetings, verbalize already well thought out conclusions

Your optimal work environment is also influenced by where you fall on these two dimensions.


  • Like variety and action
  • Often impatient with long slow jobs
  • Interested in the activities of their work and in how other people do it
  • Often act quickly, sometimes without thinking
  • When working on a task, find phone calls a welcome diversion
  • Develop ideas by discussion
  • Like having people around


  • Like quiet for concentration
  • Tend not to mind working on one project for a long time uninterrupted
  • Are interested in the facts/ideas behind their work
  • Like to think a lot before they act, sometimes without acting
  • When concentrating on a task, find phone calls intrusive
  • Develop ideas by reflection
  • Like working alone

Is your work in synchrony with your personality? Maybe it’s time you make it so.

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4 Responses to Who Are You? Extravert or Introvert?

  1. Ramoth Watson says:

    The terms have never been so clearly defined to me before, i am in no doubt as to my status.

  2. Ann-Marie Allen says:

    Greetings Dr. Semaj – This information is awesome. Based on surface analysis, I’ve always thought of myself as an introvert. After reading this however, I think I am a mixture of both, but mostly introverted, is this possible? What are the recommend career fields for an introvert?

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